High Point’s historic population growth has seen the city grow from 2,500 residents in 1890 to over 100,000 in 2010:
The U.S. Census Bureau recorded a total population of 104,371 for High Point on April 1, 2010. The Planning & Development Dept. also estimates the city's population as of April 1 each year based on information from several sources, including the U.S. Census Bureau, the NC Office of Budget & Management, and residential building permits and demolitions issued by the City. In addition, the Planning & Development Dept. calculates the projected population of the city approximately every five years. The City's annual population estimates and projections since the latest census are as follows:
The results of the census that was conducted April 1, 2020 is expected to be available by September 30, 2021 and will provide a new baseline for the city's population estimates and projections over the next decade. The NC Office of Budget & Management also releases municipal estimates annually, which are used to distribute state shared revenues to local governments. However, those estimates are typically for the year prior to when they are released, which is in part why the City calculates its own more up-to-date estimates.
The distribution of High Point's 2010 population in five-year age increments reveals two immediately noticeable trends - the spike in the number of 15 to 19-year-olds, and the wave of middle-aged adults, known as "the Baby Boomers." The dramatic peak in teenagers is due in part to High Point University's significant growth, but is also caused by a larger than usual age group known as "the Millennials." As the Baby Boomers move out of mid-life they will contribute to the "graying" of the population, a trend that is being seen not only in High Point, but also across the nation.
Although most of the city's population identified as either White (44.3%) or African-American (34.0%) according to the Census Bureau's 2014-2018 5-year American Community Survey (ACS), the trend over the past several decades has clearly been towards greater racial diversity in High Point. The percentage of the total population who identified as Asian grew from 6% to 8% from 2010 to 2018 and those in the Other category, which includes American Indians & Alaskan Natives, Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islanders, those of two or more races, and those who identified as some other race, grew from 2.5% to 3.5% over the same time period. Looking back further to the 2000 Census, the number of people in both categories more than doubled.
The Latinx category includes those who identified as Hispanic/Latino, but because the Census Bureau considers this an ethnicity they can be members of any race. They have been shown in the following charts as a stand-alone category and not included in any of the race categories in order to give a better understanding of the racial/ethnic diversity in the community. They grew from 8.5% to 10.2% of the city's total population from 2010 to 2018 and more than doubled in size since 2000.